Long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair follicles. Typical features of the condition include blackheads or whiteheadspimples, oily skin, and possible scarring It primarily affects skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back.

 

Typical Features

 increased secretion of oil by the skin, pimples, white heads, pus, black heads and often results in scarring.

Treatment
 

  1. Before and after 3 laser treatments for acne: 

    Most people see clearing, but it’s not 100%.
    Studies show that lasers and other light treatments can reduce acne. Rarely can these treatments alone clear acne. To give you the best results, your dermatologist may recommend using another acne treatment, such as medicine that you apply to your skin.

     

  2. Results vary from person to person.
    Right now, there’s no way to know who will see clearer skin and how much the skin will clear when treated with a laser or other light treatment.

  3. To get results, most people need a series of treatments.
    Several studies have shown that multiple treatments deliver significantly better results than a single treatment.

  4. It takes time to see results.
    In studies, researchers continually find that patients see the best results weeks after the last treatment. In one study, patients treated with a type of light therapy called photodynamic therapy had 50% fewer spots at the end of the 4-week treatment period. Twelve weeks after the last treatment, they had a 72% reduction.

  5. Follow-up treatments may be necessary.
    Results from lasers and light therapies are generally long lasting. To maintain results, however, patients often need follow-up treatments once or twice a year.

  6. Side effects are possible with lasers and other light treatments.
    Redness and swelling are common after treatment with many lasers and light treatments. Some patients say their skin stings or burns. These are usually mild and disappear within a few hours or by the next day. Other side effects are rare; however, they can occur. These include lingering pain, burns, or blisters. Changes in your skin color and scarring are also possible. Getting treatment from a board-certified dermatologist who frequently uses lasers can help prevent these side effects.

  7. Patients need to follow their dermatologist’s instructions carefully.
    To help their patients get the best results and avoid side effects, dermatologists give instructions both before and after treatment. It’s essential to do everything as instructed. For example, after having photodynamic therapy, patients must avoid sunlight for 48 hours.

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       Inflammation of the skin, typically characterized by itchiness, redness and a rash. In cases of short duration, there may be small blisters, while in long-term cases          the skin may become thickened. The area of skin involved can vary from small to covering the entire body.

Typical Features

Common for all of them, including redness of the skin, swellingitching and skin lesions with sometimes oozing and scarring.

Treatment
 

Laser therapy is a noninvasive treatment option for eczema , a dermatologist may recommend laser therapy or another form of phototherapy (light therapy) if other forms are treatment fail to help your eczema. With the excimer laser, your doctor will use a handheld device to focus treatment on specific parts of your body. It can be used all over your body, including your hands, feet, and scalp. If your doctor uses another form of phototherapy, you may stand inside of a machine that will direct light at either your whole body or only exposed areas. Laser therapy sessions are typically short, but they do require you to drive to the hospital or dermatologist’s office. You can expect the treatment to last for less than 1 minute at first and up to several minutes in later sessions. If your doctor prescribes phototherapy, you will likely need to go in for several sessions over the course of several weeks. You may need 2 to 6 sessions per week and that treatment can last anywhere from 4 weeks to 3 months.

 

Genetic condition of the skin's hair follicles characterized by the appearance of possibly itchy, small, gooseflesh-like bumps, with varying degrees of reddening or inflammation. It most often appears on the outer sides of the upper arms (the forearms can also be affected), thighs, face, back, and buttocks.

Typical Features

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Treatment
 

A laser or light treatment may be used to treat keratosis pilaris. Your dermatologist may recommend one type of laser to reduce the swelling and redness. Another type of laser may improve your skin’s texture and reduce discoloration, including the brown spots that may appear when the bumps clear. To get the best results from the laser treatments, your dermatologist may add a few microdermabrasion sessions to your treatment plan.

Fungal infection of the nail. Symptoms may include white or yellow nail discoloration, thickening of the nail, and separation of the nail from the nail bed. Toenails or fingernails may be affected, but it is more common for toenails.

Typical Features

Treatment
 

Nail removal: If the infection is deep and you’ve had it for a while, your doctor may want to remove all or part of your nail. A new nail usually grows back, but it might take a year or so. While it's coming back, your doctor will likely give you a cream or other treatment to put on your nail bed to keep fungus away.

Laser treatment: You might have success getting your toenails zapped with targeted lasers. Several types of lasers are used

Medications that may be taken by mouth include terbinafinitraconazole and fluconazole .They share characteristics that enhance their effectiveness.

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 Long-term skin disorder. Symptoms include red, scaly, greasy, itchy, and inflamed skin. Areas of the skin rich in oil-producing glands are often affected including the scalp, face, and chest, It can result in social or self-esteem problems.

Typical Features

Treatment
 

If you’re experiencing any of the seborrheic dermatitis symptoms, make an appointment with your dermatologist as soon as possible. In addition to diagnosing your seborrhea, your dermatologist can put together a treatment plan. Although treatment cannot cure seborrheic dermatitis, treatment has benefits. Treatment can loosen and remove scale, prevent a skin infection, and reduce swelling and itch. 

Dandruff shampoos can be helpful on the skin as well as the scalp. Your dermatologist can explain how to use these shampoos on the skin.

Often the best results come from combining two or more treatments. Your dermatologist can create a treatment plan to meet your needs. Most plans include medication and skin care.

Always follow your dermatologist’s instructions. Using a treatment more often than prescribed or longer than prescribed can cause side effects.

Laser treatment of seborrheic dermatitis is performed with an apparatus by the leading American company for medical laser systems Cutera.
The Laser Genesis treatment is a high-tech, innovative method for non-invasive and effective treatment of seborrheic dermatitis symptoms such as redness and scaling.
The pleasant warming of the upper layer of the skin stimulates the appearance of new collagen. The residual heat is generated in small capillaries to reduce diffuse redness.
The treatment is relaxing and comfortable for the patient, not requiring the use of local pain relieving creams. There are no undesirable side effects such as redness and edema.

 

 A change of the human skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture, a rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect all the skin.

Typical Features

Rash occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with a foreign substance that causes an adverse reaction, leading to a rash,

Taking medications may also cause rashes. They can form as a result of:

Treatment
 

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Phototherapy is an treatment that helps some people with eczema. The ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight have been shown to help treat certain skin disorders, including eczema. Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light -- either ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) -- from special lamps to treat people. 

Laser skin resurfacing, one type of laser treatment, is a minimally invasive method of removing the superficial layers of damaged or wrinkled skin. The technique, called ablative fractional laser resurfacing, combines the benefits of older laser resurfacing technology with the added advantages of quicker recovery times and more predictable outcomes.

Laser treatment works by pixelating or fractionating the laser light so only a small percentage of skin is treated with each laser pulse. This allows the intervening or unaffected skin cells to regenerate more rapidly resulting in faster healing time. The laser’s microscopic treatment causes the body to produce more collagen, resulting in skin tightening and improving the skin’s overall texture and complexion.

Warts are typically small, rough, hard growths that are similar in color to the rest of the skin. They typically do not result in other symptoms, except when on the bottom of the feet, where they may be painful

Typical Features

Warts are caused by infection with a type of human papillomavirus (HPV). Factors that increase the risk include use of public showers and pools, working with meat, eczema and a weak immune system. The virus is believed to enter the body through skin that has been damaged slightly. A number of types exist, including "common warts", plantar warts, "filiform warts".

Treatment
 

 Dermatologists have many treatments for warts. The treatment used depends on the patient’s age and health as well as the type of wart.

  • Cryotherapy: For common warts in adults and older children, cryotherapy (freezing) is the most common treatment. This treatment is not too painful. It can cause dark spots in people who have dark skin. It is common to need repeat treatments.

  • Electrosurgery and curettage: Electrosurgery (burning) is a good treatment for common warts, filiform warts, and foot warts. Curettage involves scraping off (curetting) the wart with a sharp knife or small, spoon-shaped tool. These two procedures often are used together. The dermatologist may remove the wart by scraping it off before or after electrosurgery.

  • Excision: The doctor may cut out the wart (excision).

  • Laser treatment: Laser treatment is an option, mainly for warts that have not responded to other therapies. Before laser treatment, the dermatologist may numb the wart with an anesthetic injection (shot).

 

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). 

Typical Features

They are generally pink in color and project out from the surface of the skin . HPV is most commonly transmitted through penetrative sex. While HPV can also be transmitted via non-penetrative sexual activity, it is less transmissible than via penetrative sex. There is conflicting evidence about the effect of condoms on transmission of low-risk HPV.

Anal or genital warts may be transmitted during birth. The presence of wart-like lesions on the genitals of young children has been suggested as an indicator of sexual abuse. However, genital warts can sometimes result from autoinoculation by warts elsewhere on the body, such as from the hands.

 

Treatment
 

There is no cure for HPV. Existing treatments are focused on the removal of visible warts.

A healthcare practitioner may offer one of several ways to treat warts, depending on their number, sizes, locations, or other factors. All treatments can potentially cause depigmentation, itching, pain, or scarring.

Treatments can be classified as either physically ablative, or topical agents. Physically ablative therapies are considered more effective at initial wart removal, but like all therapies have significant recurrence rates

Carbon dioxide laser. This light is as effective as a sharp knife. It might be a good choice if your warts are around your fingernails or toenails and other treatments haven’t worked. First, your doctor will use the laser to cut away the top of the wart. Then they’ll make the light less focused, and it will burn away the rest. The debris it stirs may include the virus that caused your warts. 

 Type of hematoma of tissue, the most common cause being capillaries damaged by trauma, causing localized bleeding that extravasates into the     surrounding interstitial tissues

Typical Features

 Characteristic blue or purple appearance (idiomatically described as "black and blue") in the days following the injury. 

The presence of bruises may be seen in patients with platelet or coagulation disorders, or those who are being treated with an anticoagulant. Unexplained bruising may be a warning sign of child abusedomestic abuse, or serious medical problems such as leukemia or meningoccocal infection. Unexplained bruising can also indicate internal bleeding or certain types of cancer.

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Treatment
 

Laser treatments  may help clear up severe bruising.  Lasers might reduce the appearance of bruising after cosmetic filler injections. Pulsed-dye lasers are only available in a clinical setting, so they are not a viable home treatment for bruising.

Treatment for light bruises is minimal and may include RICE (resticecompression, and elevation), painkillers (particularly NSAIDs) and, later in recovery, light stretching exercises. Particularly, immediate application of ice while elevating the area may reduce or completely prevent swelling by restricting blood flow to the area and preventing internal bleeding. Rest and preventing re-injury is essential for rapid recovery.

Psoriasis is a long-lasting, noncontagious autoimmune disease characterized by raised areas of abnormal skin.

Typical Features

Psoriasis is a long-lasting, noncontagious autoimmune disease characterized by raised areas of abnormal skin. These areas are red, or purple on some people with darker skin, dryitchy, and scaly. Psoriasis varies in severity from small, localized patches to complete body coverage. Injury to the skin can trigger psoriatic skin changes at that spot. Psoriasis is thought to be an immune system problem that causes the skin to regenerate at faster than normal rates. In the most common type of psoriasis, known as plaque psoriasis, this rapid turnover of cells results in scales and red patches.

Treatment
 

 Laser

 With this form of light therapy, a strong UVB light targets only the affected skin. Excimer laser therapy requires fewer sessions than does traditional phototherapy because more powerful UVB light is used. Side effects can include redness and blistering.

Light therapy

Light therapy is a first-line treatment for moderate to severe psoriasis, either alone or in combination with medications. It involves exposing the skin to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light. Repeated treatments are necessary. Talk with your doctor about whether home phototherapy is an option for you.

 
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Typical Features

Rosacea is a long-term skin condition that typically affects the face. It results in rednesspimplesswelling, and small and superficial dilated blood vessels.

It results in rednesspimplesswelling, and small and superficial dilated blood vessels.  Often, the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin are most involved.

Treatment
 

Laser therapy

Laser therapy can make enlarged blood vessels less visible. Because the laser targets visible veining, it's most effective on skin that isn't tanned, brown or black.

Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of laser therapy. Side effects of laser therapy for rosacea include swelling and bruising that might last for several days. Icing and gentle skin care will be needed during the recovery period. On brown or black skin, laser treatment might cause long-term or permanent discoloration of the treated skin.

 

CO2 lasers

These types of lasers are called ablative lasers. They aim to reshape your nose or other parts of your face if they have been scarred or enlarged by rosacea-inflamed tissue. CO2 lasers are typically used to treat rhynophomas (thickened skin or puffy shapes on your nose) that are caused by rosacea.

Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin. They are due to the development of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Typical Features

There are a variety of different skin cancer symptoms. These include changes in the skin that do not heal, ulcering in the skin, discolored skin, and changes in existing moles, such as jagged edges to the mole and enlargement of the mole. Ultraviolet radiation from sun exposure is the primary environmental cause of skin cancer. This can occur in professions such as farming. 

 

Treatment
 

Laser surgery​

The dermatologist directs a beam of intense light at the tumor to target superficial BCCs. Some lasers vaporize (ablate) the skin cancer while others (nonablative lasers) convert the beam of light to heat, which destroys the tumor without injuring the surface of the skin.

Cryosurgery​

The dermatologist uses a cotton-tipped applicator or spray device to apply liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy the tumor. Later, the lesion and surrounding skin may blister or become crusted and fall off, allowing healthy skin to emerge.

Curettage and electrodesiccation (electrosurgery) 

The dermatologist scrapes or shaves off the BCC using a curette (a sharp instrument with a ring-shaped tip), then uses heat or a chemical agent to destroy remaining cancer cells, stop the bleeding and seal off the wound. The physician may repeat the procedure a few times during the same session until no cancer cells remain. Typically, the procedure leaves a round, whitish scar resembling a cigarette burn at the surgery site.

 Form of radiation burn that affects living tissue, such as skin, that results from an overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, usually from the Sun.

Typical Features

Symptoms in humans and other animals include: red or reddish skin that is hot to the touch or painful, general fatigue, and mild dizziness. Other symptoms include blisteringpeeling skin, swelling, itching, and nausea. Excessive UV radiation is the leading cause of (primarily) non-malignant skin tumors,  it is an inflammatory response in the tissue triggered by direct DNA damage by UV radiation. When the cellsDNA is overly damaged by UV radiation, type I cell-death is triggered and the tissue is replaced

 

Treatment
 

Laser/light therapy is a non-toxic and non-invasive therapy that uses light energy to repair and regenerate skin cells. The procedure reduces the need for medication, improves the outcomes for treated skin conditions and increases the recovery rates of affected tissues.

Chemical peels improve the appearance of sun-damaged skin by using a chemical solution to remove the outer layer of old skin. The new skin that replaces it is usually smoother and less wrinkled in appearance.

Dermabrasion, sometimes known as dermaplaning, is a procedure that removes sun-damaged skin through controlled surgical scraping.

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